Patients´ Anxiety Related to Dental Radiographic Examinations: Levels, Perception and Management

2021 • Volume 15 • Issue 4

Eliana Dantas Costa; Luciano Augusto Cano Martins; Samuel Carvalho Chaves-Junior; Emerson Tavares Sousa; Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião; Rosana de Fátima Possobon & Matheus Lima Oliveira



This study evaluated patients´ anxiety levels related to dental radiographic examinations in addition to dentists’ perception and management. Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) activity of 47 patients was measured before and after exposure to radiographic examinations to assess their anxiety level and compared using Wilcoxon test. Mann-Whitney test assessed the sAA activity related to sex, type of examination, and previous experience with radiographic examinations. 50 dentists were interviewed using a semi-structured script containing open-ended questions perception on their patients’ anxiety. Before the radiographic examination, sAA activity was significantly higher for women (p≤0.05). SAA activity significantly increased after the examination for men, patients of both sexes with no previous experience and for those who underwent CBCT (p≤0.05). Anxiety was reported to be observed in adult patients’ speech and pediatric patients’ behavior. Dental radiographic examinations may be a source of anxiety for women before the examination. After the examination, men, patients with no previous experience, and those subjected to CBCT present higher anxiety levels. Dentists perceive anxiety in adult and pediatric patients differently.

KEY WORDS: anxiety, alpha -amylases, radiology, dentistry, patient care.


How to cite this article

COSTA, E. D.; MARTINS, L. A. C.; CHAVES-JUNIOR, S. C.; SOUSA, E. T.; GAVIÃO, M. B. D.; POSSOBON, R. F. & OLIVEIRA, M. L. Ansiedad de los pacientes relacionada con los exámenes radiográficos dentales: niveles, percepción y manejo. Int. J. Odontostomat., 15(4):971-979, 2021.


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