Evaluation of Anxiety and Vital Signs in Adults Undergoing Different Dental Procedures: A Prospective Study

2024 • Volume 18 • Issue 1

Luísa Lacerda de Souza; Vitória Batista Clemente; Yuri de Lima Medeiros; Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite & Eduardo Machado Vilela



The aim of this study was to evaluate the vital signs related with different dental treatments, and correlate with demographic data and participants’ anxiety level. This is a prospective clinical study with 60 participants, divided into 3 groups of dental procedures: (1) restorative treatment, (2) extractions and biopsies, and (3) gingival treatment. A level of anxiety questionnaire before dental procedure proposed by Corah’s Dental Anxiety Scale was collected. Respiratory rate, systolic and diastolic pressure, temperature and oxygenation were measured before, during and after the procedures. 31 (51.7 %) women and 29 (48.3 %) men were included, with mean age of 41.75 years old. Most participants (50 %) were classified as very little anxious. Diastolic pressure before the procedure was higher for slightly anxious patients when compared with very little anxious patients (p=0.028). Systolic pressure before, during and after the procedure was higher for participants above 40 years old (p=0,001). Heart rate (p=0,050) and temperature (p=0,041) was higher before the restorative treatment. Anxiety can promote changes in vital signs in the dental environment. Vital signs, sex, age and level of anxiety do influence the blood pressure at different clinical moments. Dental procedures have association with variations in temperature, heart and respiratory rate.

KEY WORDS: anxiety. health assistance. vital signs.


How to cite this article

LACERDA DE SOUZA, L.; BATISTA CLEMENTE, V.; DE LIMA MEDEIROS, Y.; GONÇALVES LEITE, I. C. & MACHADO VILELA, E. Evaluation of anxiety and vital signs in adults undergoing different dental procedures:A prospective study. Int. J. Odontostomat., 18(1):85-93, 2024.


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