Infectious diseases of the oral cavity have a high incidence. A prospective, descriptive study was carried out aimed at characterizing the use of antimicrobial drugs in the treatment of oral diseases in patients from Aguada de Pasajeros Municipality in Cienfuegos Province, Cuba in a six-month period which covers from August 2005 to January 2006. The universe was composed by 300 patients and the sample by 105 (35% of the universe). The variables under study were dental diagnosis, antimicrobial drugs as treatment in the present consultation, dosis, combination of antimicrobial drugs and assessment of their prescription by the dentist. Data was processed by SPSS 11.0 comp package. There was a high frequency of female patients (53.3 %) gathered in the age group 18-27 years of age. The principal diagnoses were dentoalveolar abscess (63.8) and facial celullitis facial (25.7%). 55 Patients (52.3%) were medicated with antimicrobial drugs for their infectious process before consulting the dental specialist, and tetracicline (56.3%) was the antimicrobial drug most frequently used. Physicians were the main prescriptors of these drugs (45.4%). The most frequent antimicrobial drug prescribed by dentists was amoxiciline (36.2%) and the most frequent combination was its association to metrinidazol (6 which represents 60%). 73.3% of the antimicrobial drugs were properly prescribed in regards to the dental diagnosis and there were no significant difficulties in regards to dosis. 62.2% of the prescriptions were right. This students allows to conclude that there are still insufficiencies in the treatment of oral infections in primary health care in this municipality.
KEY WORDS: Antimicrobial drugs, primary health care, infections, dentistry.
How to cite this article
MILIÁN, V. P. M.; QUIRÓS, E. M.; BOZA, M. D.; SANTOS, P. N.; MARTÍN, A. C. & VÁSQUEZ, M. L. Use of antimicrobial drugs in the treatment of dental infections in a Cuba health area. Int. J. Odontostomat., 1(2):177-184, 2007.