Sleep Quality, Perceived Stress, and Painful Temporomandibular Disorders in Young Adults from two Mexican Communities

2021 • Volume 15 • Issue 4

Celia E. Mendiburu-Zavala; Cesar Pérez-Pérez; Pedro Lugo-Ancona; Ricardo Peñaloza-Cuevas & Enrique Pérez Martínez



Por sleep quality and stress may be the génesis of temporomandibular disorders that consist of a heterogeneous family of musculoskeletal disorders that represent the most common chronic orofacial pain condition. The objective of the study was to relate sleep quality, perceived stress, and painful temporomandibular disorders in Young adults from two Mexican communities (Puebla and Yucatán). a correlational, analytical, prospective, cross-sectional study. Informed and voluntary consent was obtained through the signatures of 552 young adult subjects: 276 from Puebla (P), 53 % (n = 147) women, 47 % (n = 129) men, with an average of 28 years (? 4.5 ); and 276 subjects from Yucatán (Y), 58 % (n = 161) women, 42 % (n = 115) men, with an average age of 27 years (?4.9). Interviews were conducted based on three questionnaires: Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (ICSP), Cohen’s Perceived Stress Scale (EEP) and González’s Painful Temporomandibular Disorders Examination Instrument (IEDTD). Descriptive statistics (frequencies and percentages), logistic regression and Pearson’s correlation were used for statistical analysis. Puebla has a higher percentage of individuals with por sleep quality, 83 %, compared to Yucatán, 56 %. In the same way, Puebla shows a higher percentage of individuals with high stress, 82 %, compared to Yucatán, 74 %. On the other hand, Puebla has a higher percentage of individuals with painful TMD, 33 %, compared to Yucatán, 11 %. Likewise, there is a general moderate correlation between perceived stress and sleep quality in women (0.335) and ages 30 to 35 years (0.383), both with a significance of p <.001. Poor sleep quality increases the chance of painful TMD by 4 times. Living in Puebla increases the possibility of painful TMD up to
3.1 times.

KEY WORDS: sleep quality, perceived stress, painful TMD.


How to cite this article

MENDIBURU-ZAVALA, C. E.; PÉREZ-PÉREZ, C.; LUGO-ANCONA, P.; PEÑALOZA-CUEVAS, R. & PÉREZ, M. E. Sleep quality, perceived stress, and painful temporomandibular disorders in young adults from two Mexican communities. Int. J. Odontostomat., 15(4):915-921, 2021.


PDF of the article.