Prevalence of Bruxism and Associated Temporomandibular Disorders in a Population of School Children of San Luis Potosí, México

2018 • Volume 12 • Issue 4

Emilio R. Rodríguez Robledo; Ricardo Martínez Rider; Ma. Del Socorro Ruiz Rodríguez; Raúl Márquez Preciado; J. Arturo Garrocho Rangel; Amaury de Jesús Pozos Guillén & Miguel Ángel Rosales Berber



The term “Temporomandibular disorders” (TTM) includes numerous clinical problems associated with joint temporomandibular, muscles of mastication and other associated structures. Bruxism, oral parafunctional habit, consists of grinding or clenching of involuntary, rhythmic manner, which can lead to trauma, occlusal and problems joint. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and prevalence of signs and symptoms of DTM and bruxism in school children aged 6 to 12, in a population of San Luis Potosí, México. A crosssectional descriptive design was used in a sample of 314 participants, students of a primary school in the city of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. The participants were randomly selected in tiered form and conglomerated. The total sample consisted of 153 female and male 161. The signs and symptoms of TMD frequent were alteration of the function of the ATM (35 %), followed by noise and snap joint (29.2 %). In subjects with a diagnosis of bruxism, the most frequent alteration was associated with TMJ discomfort (19.4 %), headache (17.8 %) and dental attrition (16.5 %).

KEY WORDS: temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, prevalence, articular clicking.


How to cite this article

RODRÍGUEZ, R. E. R.; MARTÍNEZ, R. R.; RUIZ, R. M. S.; MÁRQUEZ, P. R.; GARROCHO, R. J. A.; POZOS, G. A. J. & ROSALES, B. M. Á. Prevalence of bruxism and temporomandibular associated disorders in a population of school children of San Luis Potosí, México. Int. J. Odontostomat., 12(4):382-387, 2018.


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