Characterization of Dentoalveolar Trauma Concomitant to Maxillofacial Trauma in Professional Personnel of the Armed Forces: A Narrative Review

2022 • Volume 16 • Issue 4

Mauricio Vivanco Barahona; Nathaly Cáceres Ramos & Pía Lobos Jamett



The maxillofacial injuries are a public health issue commonly associated to dentoalveolar injuries. Its high prevalence in risk population such as the Armed Forces personnel, due to their work activities, generates a great impact on the patient. Characterize, according to the literature, dentoalveolar injuries within the maxillofacial injuries in professional Armed Forces personnel. A narrative research was conducted on October 2020 with four data bases. Only 5-year-old publications were considered both in English and Spanish, including their available summary, primary studies and systematic revisions. Publications without full access or report cases were not included. Fifteen scientific papers were included. There is a deficit of evidence between maxillofacial and dentoalveolar injuries in the target population. Only 6.7 % of the research included a joint analysis between both traumas, however the most prevalent diagnosis consisted in coronaries and mandibular fractures, in that order, associated mainly to training and combat activities. The most frequent maxillofacial injury within the Armed Forces personnel is the mandibular fracture, and in relation with dentoalveolar injuries is the coronary fracture. Regarding the etiology, gunshot wounds, explosives and car accidents are featured affecting mainly between 18 to 30 years old army personnel. It’s relevant to highlight that the scientific papers included in this revision about the association between dentoalveolar and maxillofacial injuries are poor and not updated. Further research is needed in this issue.

KEY WORDS: Maxillofacial trauma, dentoalveolar trauma, concomitant trauma, armed forces.


How to cite this article

VIVANCO, B. M.; CÁCERES, R. N. & LOBOS, J. P. Characterization of dentoalveolar trauma concomitant to maxillofacial trauma in professional personnel of the Armed Forces: A narrative review. Int. J. Odontostomat., 16(4):490-496, 2022.


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