This study aimed to carry out an integrative review of the use of diode lasers in the treatment of oral fibrous hyperplasia in order to observe surgical efficacy, healing process, and main microscopic findings. The following databases—PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scopus, Web of Science, and gray literature—were searched without regard to the time of year or language. Diode laser treatment cases described in case reports and case series were included, but those who did not undergo microscopic analysis to confirm the diagnosis or who did not provide postoperative information were excluded. Twelve studies (64 patients) were included. Prevalence was observed for females (68.75 %, n=44). In view of the diagnosis, there was a prevalence of focal fibrous hyperplasia (79.68 %, n=51), followed by inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (20.31 %, n=13). For surgical removal, a diode laser was used with a wavelength ranging from 808 to 960 nm, in continuous mode, and an average power of 2830 mW. In general, there were no intercurrences in the trans and postoperative periods and wound healing occurred by second intention, with excellent evolution. High-powered diode lasers can be an excellent therapeutic option for oral hyperplastic lesions. Long-term clinical trials should be conducted to determine laser setting parameters in various oral lesions.
KEY WORDS: hyperplasia, diode laser, laser therapy
How to cite this article
DO AMARAL, A. L.; CARNEIRO, M. C.; ALMEIDA, G. P.; DA SILVA SANTOS, P. S. Surgical treatment of oral fibrous hyperplasia with diode laser: An integrative review. Int. J. Odontostomat., 17 (2):136-141, 2023.