The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) in patients of the Surgical Stomatology service of a Peruvian Hospital. The study sample consisted of 132 patients diagnosed with Temporomandibular Disorders by dental surgeons specializing in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Surgical Stomatology service. A complementary anamnesis and a clinical evaluation were carried out. Of the total of patients evaluated, it was found that 84.09 % belonged to the females and 20.45 % were between 50-59 years old. In addition, 72.73 % reported having received prior care from another service, 52.27 % had a parafunctional habit of bruxism, 58.33 % had an altered occlusal pattern, 25.76 % had loss of 5 or more teeth due to arch with prevalence in both arches and 54.55 % presented attrition. It was concluded that the predominant sex was female and the prevalent age group in patients diagnosed with TMD was in the age range of 50-59 years. Regarding the painful symptoms in patients with a diagnosis of TMD from the Surgical Stomatology Service of the HNAL, pain when chewing or speaking was prevalent.
KEY WORDS: temporomandibular joint disorders, temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome, facial pain, temporomandibular joint.
How to cite this article
MARROQUÍN-SOTO, C.; PADILLA-AVALOS, C. A. Factors associated with temporomandibular joint disorders in the surgical stomatology service of a Peruvian hospital. Int. J. Odontostomat., 16(1):45-51, 2022.