Maria Paula Coltro; Eduardo Aydos Villarinho & Rosenary Sadami Arai Shinkai
This study aimed to conduct a narrative review of the literatura to analyze the instruments used in clinical research for patient-reported outcomes measures in implant-supported oral rehabilitation. The search was conducted in index data bases of national and international journals without time restriction, in Portuguese and English, using the key words: dental implants, clinical research, patient-reported outcomes measures, quality of life. Currently, clinical studies should include results obtained through self-reporting of the perceived benefits of treatment in functional, psychological and social aspects. Most studies use instruments that add different dimensions of quality of life, such as GOHAI (Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index), DIDL (Dental Impacton Daily Living), OHIP (Oral Health Impact Profile), OHQoL-UK (W), OIDP (Oral impacts in daily presentations). In general, the itens in these questionnaires were formulated in a negative way, with a focuson problens, with OHIP-14 being the most used because it is simple, validated for several languages and consolidated for different clinical situations. Other positive psychology tools, such as the Rosenberg and McCullough questionnaires, have been suggested to assess the perception of self-esteen and gratitude, with a focus on long-term well-being and patient satisfaction. Qualitative or mixed method studies can also provide a better understanding of the results centered on patients undergoing rehabilitation with implants. Based on the observed literature, it is concluded that the study of patient-centered results can be enriched with the use of various methods to capture the patient's perception of the benefits of implant-supported rehabilitation. It is suggested the use of the OHIP-14, however, their use has limitations that can be partially met by the application of questionnaires related to positive psychology, as gratitude and self-esteen, which have positive fields.
KEY WORDS: dental implants, patient-reported outcomes measures, quality of life.
How to cite this article
COLTRO, M. P.; VILLARINHO, E. A. & SHINKAI, R. S. A. Biopsychosocial impact of oral rehabilitation with dental implant: analytical review of research instruments. Int. J. Odontostomat., 16(4):564-571, 2022.