Joaquín Vázquez; Alfio Secchi; Felipe Astorga; Jorge Moreno & Pablo Amorín
Multiple lesions and conditions that are far from normal can be expressed in the oral mucosa, which should be the subject of study and management in order to improve the prognosis of patients and their quality of life, sometimes being a reason for consultation in emergency services. A retrospective observational study was carried out with the emergency care data from the Barros Luco Trudeau Hospital, incorporating the consultations resulting from findings in the oral mucosa. Data from 121 patients, 54 men and 67 women between 12 and 84 years old, average 45 years old, were evaluated. Suspicion of malignant tumors grouped 24,8 % of the sample, being the lesions in tissues adjacent to the hard palate the most frequent within this subgroup, followed by pictures of Stomatitis and Gingivitis (21.5 %), Granulomas (20.7 %) and Hyperplasias and Fibrosis (14.9 %). The most affected tissues were the gingival with 47 cases (38.9 %) and the palatal with 39 cases (32.2 %). Our results are consistent with what is expressed in the literature where, in the adult population, findings associated with chronic tissue damage tend to be identified, with constant low intensity mechanical stimuli and association with base pathologies, while in first and second patients In the decade, traumatic and virus-associated injuries are more frequent. It is critical that professionals know the most frequent injuries to identify in the population, knowing their etiology and proper management, along with having a continuous work network, monitoring the case throughout the diagnostic process.
KEY WORDS: oral pathology, early diagnosis, oral mucosa.
How to cite this article
VÁZQUEZ, J.; SECCHI, A.; ASTORGA, F.; MORENO, J. & AMORÍN, P. Oral Mucosa Lesions Investigated in a Hospital Emergency Service. Int. J. Odontostomat., 16(3):370-376, 2022.