Gingivitis correspond to inflammation of the gums as a result of plaque deposits, a material composed of bacteria attached to the tooth, infecting surrounding tissues, in addition to microorganisms of the subgingival microbiota. The use of mouthwash in addition to brushing, helps in the prevention, control and reduction of this condition, so that the generation of new products is paramount in the treatment of periodontal diseases. The aim of this study was to establish the efficacy of Aloe Vera Mouthwash compared with Chlorhexidine mouthwash in adults and patients with gingivitis, in the municipality of Concepción, Chile. The design was a clinical pilot study. The effectiveness of Aloe Vera mouthwash on Gingivitis mouthwash versus chlorhexidine between 18 and 25 on the tenth day of use was evaluated. The variables analyzed were the plaque index and gingival index. A total of 87 subjects were analyzed. The sample was calculated by analysis of variance yielding 18 subjects. It was approved by a committee of bioethics. Descriptive statistics were used in addition to the Student t test for associations. Results showed a significant reduction in the rate of Plaque for chlorhexidine (ICI IPF 57.8 to 27.7), Aloe Vera (IPI IPF 64.3 to 42.1) and Gingival Index for chlorhexidine (IGI 0.26 0.11 IGF), aloe Vera (IGI 0.95 0.42 IGF). Aloe Vera mouthwash significantly decreases the concentration of plaque and gingival inflammation.
KEY WORDS: gingival index, plaque index, oral aloe vera mouthwash.
How to cite this article
OLIVA, M. P. F. & SMITH, S. C. Use of Aloe Vera mouthwash in the control of gingivitis in adult patients: A preliminary study. Int. J. Odontostomat., 12(3):320-326, 2018.