The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the efficacy in dental toothbleaching of three mouthwashes containing hydrogen peroxide in different periods of immersion compared to 10 % carbamide peroxide. Forty samples of human premolars were randomly divided into four groups according to the agent to which they were exposed: G1: Colgate Plax®Whitening, G2: Listerine®Whitening Extreme and G3: Oral B® 3D White ™ were immersed two minutes a day during 28 days and G4: 10 % carbamide peroxide, eight hours a day for 14 days. The color measurement was performed with a Vita Easyshade spectrophotometer using the CIELab scale initially, at 14, 28 and 35 days of evaluation. The comparisons between the groups were made using the Kruskal-Wallis and U Mann-Whitney tests. While between the times the tests Friedman and Sign-Range of Wilcoxon. The results revealed that at 14 days, the four groups showed color changes, but no greater effectiveness was shown of one over the other (p>0,05). However, at 28 and 35 days a clear efficacy of carbamide peroxide was observed on the rinses (p<0,05). Mouthwashes clear the teeth after 28 days, with the indicated protocols; however, they do not reach similar results to a professional clarification with 10 % carbamide peroxide gel.
KEY WORDS: toothbleaching, tooth-bleaching agent, hydrogen peroxide, mouthwashes, spectrophotometry.
How to cite this article
RONCAL, R. J. & TAY, L. Y. Toothbleaching with free-sale mouthwashes containing hydrogen peroxide. Int. J. Odontostomat., 12(2):121-124, 2018.