The aim of this study was to describe, based on the most recent scientific literature available, the effects produced by the mandibular advance appliances (MAA) as a therapy for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in the temporomandibular system. We carried out a review of the most current literature published in the last 10 years, based on an electronic search in PubMed, TripData Base, Epistemonikos, The Cochrane Library and the specialized magazines Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine and SLEEP. The key words used for each search were “MANDIBULAR ADVANCEMENT DEVICE”, “ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES”, “SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMS”, “SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE”, and “TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS” combined with boolean operators AND and OR. A critical analysis of the literature was evaluated based on the level of evidence, degree of recommendation and risk of bias of each publication. We obtained 242 articles and 60 of these were selected by title and abstract. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, obtaining 20 articles of which 8 were excluded because they did not answer the investigation question. One article was obtained by manual search. Of this number, 13 articles, 2 systematic reviews, 2 randomized clinical trial and 6 cases series were analyzed. Most of the articles analyzed agreed that the effects produced by the MAA in the temporomandibular complex are minimal and reversible, and they did not specify any TMD diagnosis in particular. However, this evidence comes mostly from recommended but inconclusive studies. More and better designed studies are needed, with homogeneous classification of TMD diagnostic criteria that allows to define an optimal protocol for mandibular advancement as a therapy.
KEY WORDS: Mandibular advancement device, Orthodonthic appliances, Sleep apnea syndroms, Sleep apnea obstructive, Temporomandibular joints disorder.
How to cite this article
VALENZUELA, C. F.; FIELD, S. C.; UGARTE, S. F. & GRACIA, A. B. Repercussions of the use of mandibular advancement devices as therapy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in the temporomandibular complex. Narrative review. Int. J. Odontostomat., 12(1):7-14, 2018.