Quality of life related to oral health assessment oral problems affect an individual´s health, social relations, work and well-being. The objective of the study is to determine the association between the perception of the quality of life related with oral health and self-perception of health. A cross-sectional study of data from the National Survey of Quality of Life and Health (2015-2016) of the Ministry of Health was carried out, for people older than 15 years of age, reported from the 15 regions of Chile. Impact profile in oral health (OHIP-7) used to measure Quality of life related to oral health. The self-perception of health was measured with one question. Logistic regression models were adjusted to identify the association in terms of Odds Ratio using STATA v15.0. Out of 7041 surveys, 50.8 % were women, the average age was 42.3 years (d.s., 0.41), 60.3 % had less than 12 years of education, 36 % reported having a chronic disease. 18.5 % perceive that their oral health problems impact on their quality of life. Factors that are associated with poor perception of the quality of life related to oral health, were a poor self-perception of health OR = 4.84 (95 % CI 3.51, 6.67), age (45-54) years) OR = 1.98 (95 % CI 1.26, 3.12) and frequent use of medications (> 3) OR = 3.67 (95 % CI 2.17, 6,). In conclusion, quality of life related to oral health, is directly related to poor selfperception of health and becomes significantly worse with age, as well as with the frequent use of medications.
KEY WORDS: quality of life, oral health, self-perception of health.
How to cite this article
SABANDO, V. & ALBALA, C. Quality of life related to oral health and self-perception of health: national survey of quality of life and health 2015-2016 in Chile. Int. J. Odontostomat., 13(3):338-344, 2019.