This review on magnification in periodontics presents the available evidence on the subject, comprising principles and benefits of magnification, advantages and disadvantages of different systems, characteristics of the instruments in microsurgery, ergonomics, musculoskeletal disorders, clinical results, healing, perception of patients and necessary clinical skills. Objective: to understand the operation of magnification, to compare microsurgery (surgery with magnification) vs macro surgery (surgery without magnification) based on ergonomics, healing, and clinical results. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of loupes vs microscope and know the skills necessary to use them. Material and Method: a manual bibliographic search was carried out, the databases consulted were: PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus, Science Direct, SciELO. The search was without time or language limits. Research, literature reviews, and meta-analysis were included, and citation tracking was also done. Results: a total of 251 articles were collected, of which 43 were selected for the review. The articles were reviewed by the authors and accepted by consensus for discussion. Conclusion: working with magnification provides advantages in all the aspects studied in this review and in the perception of the patients. If the magnifying glasses are compared with the microscope, the latter is better in terms of ergonomics, lighting, documentation possibilities and higher magnification. Incorporating magnification requires training, this review expound the justification for which such effort translates into greater benefits.
KEY WORDS: magnification, loupes, surgical microscope, periodontics.
How to cite this article
ARICETA, A.; DURAN, Y. J. C. & VELÁSQUEZ, P. D. Magnification in periodontics. Int. J. Odontostomat., 16(2):300-306, 2022.