Associate food groups with “dental caries care” and “for gingivitis” in adolescents between 12 and 24 years of age from public schools in Morelos, México. The dependent variables: “dental care for caries” and “for gingivitis” were defined by self-report. The food groups were obtained from a consumption questionnaire in the last year. The daily nutritional intake was estimated calculating each nutritional content of the foods using food tables and then they were added according to the group they belonged to (dairy, fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereals, meat and eggs, fish and seafood, carbonated drinks and bottled juices and sweets. Multilevel logistic models for repeated measurements were used for the analysis to identify associations (OR) between intake of each food group with “dental caries care” and “for gingivitis”. In the adjusted analysis, “dental caries care” was associated with: fruits (OR 1.70), carbonated drinks and bottled juices (OR 1.38) and sweets (OR 1.44), while cereals remained at the marginal level (OR 1.34). No association with “for gingivitis” found. Foods high in refined carbohydrates are essential to go to dental services for dental caries.
KEY WORDS: Dental caries, gingivitis, foods, adolescents.
How to cite this article
GUZMÁN-MORA, A.; ALBAVERA-HERNÁNDEZ, C. & SÁNCHEZ-ZAMORANO L. M. Food groups associated with dental care for caries and for gingivitis in public schools, México. Int. J. Odontostomat., 16(2):285-292, 2022.