One of the problems with greatest aesthetic and functional consequences in orthodontics is the Impaction of Maxillary Canines (ICM) being the main reason for root resorption of the adjacent teeth. Currently there are no studies describing root resorption by ICM through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the Chilean population. The main objective of the study was to describe patients between 8 and 18 years old, who presented with ICM (or risk thereof), with the characteristics of canine impaction as well as root resorption presented in lateral incisors (IL) and in other adjacent teeth. In this retrospective study, 135 CBCT subjects were selected for convenience, of which 181 canines presented ICM. The variables were analyzed: age, sex, type of ICM (unilateral or bilateral), buccolingual location (vestibular or palatal), side of impaction (right or left), root resorption in the lateral incisor and registration of adjacent teeth affected by resorption radicular (central incisor and/or premolars). In addition, when reabsorption of IL was observed, three-dimensional analysis was made using the Three-Dimensional Leeds Orthodontic Root Resorption Target Scale (3D-LORTS). The ICM in the selected sample had an average age of 12 years, a ratio by sex of women:men of 1.5:1, frequently of unilateral type, on the right side and with palatine buccolingual location (64.1 %) above the vestibular (35.9 %). Root resorption reached 35.9 %, of which 27.6 % presented in the IL and 8.3 % in adjacent teeth. Regarding the three-dimensional distribution of root resorption, the most frequent involved the apical third (60 %), with pulpal or severe damage (40 %), in only one location, the palatine (54 %). None of the above variables considered showed statistical differences with the root resorption of lateral incisors.
KEY WORDS: impacted canine, tooth, cone beam, root resorption.
How to cite this article
MUÑOZ, D. M.; ARRAYA, V. D.; CASTRO, C. D. & VERGARA, N. C. Canine maxillary impaction and root resorption of adjacent teeth: An analysis through cone-beam computed tomography. Int. J. Odontostomat., 14(1):27-34, 2020.