Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease present in 0.1 – 3.0 % of the population, in which the salivary glands are involved, bringing with it oral manifestations such as dental caries and periodontal disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the plaque index, gingival index and the sialometry test in patients with primary and secondary Sjögren’s syndrome. Forty patients with primary SS (n = 20) and secondary SS (n = 20), both groups diagnosed with chronic periodontitis, were evaluated clinically. The Quigley-Hein plaque index modified by Turesky, the gingival index of Löe and stimulated sialometry test collected from parotid gland by using Carlson-Crittenden device were recorded. The patients with primary SS had plaque index (3.53 ± 0.5954) and gingival index (2.41 ± 0.2608). The patients with secondary SS had a plaque index (1.62 ± 0.3795) and gingival index (1.48 ± 0.3994), with significant difference between both groups. The present study concludes that plaque index and gingival index were higher in patients with primary SS than patients with secondary SS. Sialometry test were higher in patients with secondary SS.
KEY WORDS: Sjögren’s syndrome, plaque index, gingival index, sialometry test, periodontitis.
How to cite this article
TRIANA-REYES, S. A.; MARTÍNEZ-SANDOVAL, G.; RODRÍGUEZ-FRANCO, N. I.; CHAPA-ARIZPE, M. G.; RODRÍGUEZ-PULIDO, J. I.; MARTÍNEZ-GONZÁLEZ, G. I. & RIEGA-TORRES, J. Bacterial plate index, gingival index, and silometry testing in patients with primary and secondary sjögren’s syndrome. Int. J. Odontostomat.,15(2):449-453, 2021.