allistic projectile maxillofacial trauma corresponds to a challenging scenario for highly complex services due to high mortality and morbidity, associating high cost in supplies, hospitalization and resources, in contrast to the functionality towards efficient labor insertion. In this sense, reconstruction surgery is related to the damage presented in the soft and hard tissues, being classified in the immediate stage (open reduction and fixation with osteosynthesis) and / or mediate where the use of external tutors continues to be a valid proposal. Report of a 38-year-old male patient admitted for maxillofacial ballistic trauma with extensive soft tissue damage and comminution in the mandible body, being treated mediate by stabilization of external tutors and subsequent reconstruction with a non-autologous graft. vascularized; presenting intraoperative complication of communication between extraoral and intraoral access; closed with a locoregional flap of the adipose body of the cheek. The patient presents a favorable evolution. A literature review was carried out in relation to the use of the adipose body of the cheek in reconstructive maxillofacial surgery. The use of external tutors is presented as a valid and favorable alternative for trauma with extensive damage to soft and hard tissue. The use of the adipose body of the cheek is reported in various uses in oral and maxillofacial surgery, however, its use as a locoregional graft for closing processes that require grafting is scarce; it is presented as a proposal in this report.
KEY WORDS: comminuted mandibular fracture, maxillofacial ballistic trauma, tutor external fixation.
How to cite this article
SECCHI, A. A.; MORDOH, C. S.; CRISTI, E. R.; DÍAZ, B. E.; PASSALACQUA, G. M.; YANINE, N. M. & BARRIOS, J. T. Algorithm for the management of maxillofacial ballistic trauma. Case report and review of the literature. Int. J. Odontostomat., 16(2):241-248, 2022.